Bacterial Pneumonia (BP) is an infection of the lungs caused by bacteria. Older adults and people with chronic illnesses are most at risk. A vaccine (medicine given by a shot) can help protect against bacterial pneumonia.

A pneumococcal vaccine is recommended if you:

  • Are over 65
  • Have chronic illnesses like Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, kidney disease, or heart disease
  • Have any lung diseases such as asthma, COPD
  • Have any diseases that may weaken your immune system such as, cancer, HIV/AIDS
  • Are taking medicines that may weaken your immune system such as prednisone
  • Are a smoker

In Texas, bacterial pneumonia resulted in 44,570 hospitalizations in 2012. The average stay was 5 days and the average charges were $38,606.

Prevention Steps:

  • If you do smoke, stop
  • Wash your hands
  • Get plenty of rest
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Stay physically active
  • Don't use alcohol heavily
  • Get a yearly flu shot
  • Get a pneumococcal vaccine


  • Persistent cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Chills and sweating
  • Fever

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